To realize the full benefits of 3D Printing from an Additive Manufacturing (AM) process in a distributed environment, the DoD must address the cyber security challenges of transporting the digital thread ofadditive manufacturing (DTAM) across unsecured networks. A promising solution to these challenges is Blockchain. An essential component of 3D files is having the confidence in knowing the full life-cycle of the file before printing and installing the part on a weapon system. But the end user must have the same level of trust in using an AM part as they normally would when selecting a physical part off-the-shelf. Blockchain provides that assurance. As an added benefit, Smart Contracts can be embedded atop of the blockchain to facilitate a revolutionary approach to purchasing technical data rights. Instead of buying all technical data from a supplier, Blockchain-based smart contracts could allow procurement teams to purchase only the files at time of need, similar to the way movies are rented on Netflix® or how music is purchased in iTunes®. Blockchain for AM is just one of many use cases aimed at enhancing the security and provenance of optimizing DoD global supply chains. DISCLAIMER: The views expressed above are the personal opinion of the author and do reflect official policy of the United States Navy, the Joint Staff, or US government.
The largest USAID contract ever awarded, the $9.5 billion Global Health Supply Chain (Procurement and Management) Program (GHSC-PM), is under scrutiny by Congress for only achieving a 7 percent “on-time and in full” success-rate during the first quarter of 2017 (compared to the typical 80%+ success rate). The GHSC-PM is intended to provide a consistent flow of lifesaving supplies to communities around the world facing life-critical, time-sensitive health and medical needs. This includes delivery of medicines, such as HIV tests and treatments, malaria drugs and high-tech laboratory equipment. Chemonics International, the prime contractor for the program, partnered with BanQu in October 2016 and established a Blockchain for Development Solutions Lab to build, test, and scale blockchain solutions to increase efficiencies and transparency of international aid, and reduce the costs of its supply chain deliveries. With international aid under intense public and popular scrutiny, and with global health so dependent on foreign aid, low accountability and transparency in the global health supply chain could result in a systemic, self-atrophying cycle, resulting in reduced aid and geographical reach, and greater global insecurity. Thanks to blockchain technology, expanding its application to international aid supply chain operations would help restore confidence in our global public health system, increase on-time and in-full success rates, and more effectively deliver medical supplies to those in need.
Using blockchain, an immutable digital ledger of transactions, could help facilitate coordinated relief efforts in government to securely send donations and track the origins news sent from credible 3rd parties. Applicable government agencies, include but are not limited to FEMA, the armed services, and NGOs like the American Red Cross. During a crisis, having a blockchain donations platform in place can quicken response times and help remove the dark curtain plaguing aid relief. The recent natural disasters in Texas, Florida, and Puerto Rico are real-life examples of such possible applications. Since there tends to be significant fraud during times of crisis, state and local governments could also use blockchain as a means to ensure funds are being spent for their intended purposes, food and water, for example. It can also be used to qualify and oversee government contractors authorized to help in the rebuilding efforts. For example, governments can leverage prepaid debit cards to help curb overall expenditures post-storm, expedite relief efforts, and cut down on the lengthy, and often tedious, documentation processes all via a decentralized data management system designed to better manage allocated funds and prevent fraud.
The US government is considering the establishment of a blockchain capability to monitor and assess medical countermeasures (MCMs) that may be dispenses or administered in the event of a public health emergency. The Government Blockchain Association (GBA) is currently studying this topic to be able to provide valuable research to GBA members in support of the FDA and NIH mission to support public health. Civil servants are eligible for free membership in the GBA and would have access to the research and data collected, analyzed and reported by the GBA.
GBA Corporate or professional members that would like to participate on this project should contact the GBA Healthcare Working Group.
- Why care about blockchain?
- What is blockchain?
- Government use cases, benefits, and risks
- Examples of current real-world use and adoption of blockchain technology
- Blockchain architecture
- Smart contracts
- Data storage on blockchain
The feedback from students was extremely positive and they were emphatic that many others in government leadership should take this course. The biggest take aways the students articulated were that blockchain technologies:
- Are a complete paradigm shift in how people establish & maintain trust in business processes
- May impact virtually every aspect of how the government does business
- Have the potential to result in exponential improvements to the cost, speed and reliability of government processes, and
- Will require significant education, training, and building sponsorship to implement solutions
This course will soon be available to be delivered by local instructors from our GBA Chapters listed here:
For a complete list of the current schedule upcoming government blockchain courses and events please visit:
We believe that while solutions can be developed by thought leaders around the world, they are deployed locally.
That’s why GBA has working groups where we bring together blockchain leaders in specific fields like Supply Chain Management, Legal Information Management, and many others including Identity Management, Voting, Records Management, Property Management, Inventory Management, Cybersecurity, Budgeting, Appropriations, Financial Tracking, Legislative Affairs and many others.
Our working groups develop content, presentations, and course materials, and they are then sent to our chapter leaders around the world. You can see a map of our global chapters at https://www.governmentblockchain.org/blockchain-resources/working-groups-location-chapters.
This way, our local chapter meetings receive some of the best content by global leaders. They can then deploy solutions in their part of the world where they have relationships, and can operate in local contractual and legal environments.
Also, the fact that the GBA is a non-profit organization allows access to government leaders outside of the standard procurement and acquisition constraints. GBA does not bid on contracts. However, we do provide training and advisory services volunteered by our members to help government leaders solve problems. This enables the free-flow of ideas and information between government and private companies.
This strategy has worked. We launched our website in May of 2017. By September 20th, we had over 1,000 members. This makes GBA the largest Blockchain Professional Organization in the world in only four months. We have received requests to provide information and services to governments all over the world, including at the Executive, Legislative and Administrative branches.
The bottom line is, we are using blockchain technology to create real world solutions, and we would love to have you on our team. I would like to encourage you to join the GBA as a professional or commercial company and Join a Working Group or a Local Chapter.
If we can do anything to support you or your mission, please let us know,
Government Blockchain Association
(complied by Skyler Dache’ … August 12, 2017)
08/10/2017 Russia’s Ministry of Health Is Launching a Blockchain Pilot – partnership with major Russian bank to enable better system of medical records in Russia
08/09/2017 Sony Taps Blockchain to Develop System for Data Sharing and Authentication In Education – Uses Hyperledger Fabric from Linux foundation and IBM Blockchain, no specific schools or customers announced
08/09/2017 India’s SEBI Sets Up Committee to Explore the Blockchain – India analogue to SEC, will investigate the impacts of emerging blockchain technologies on financial markets, including “[…] peer-to-peer lending, the blockchain, digital currencies, crowd funding or algorithmic trading”
08/08/2017 Ukraine to Install 150 Bitcoin ATMs in 2017, 30 by the End of August – Currently only has one, increasing due to demand from entrepreneurs
08/08/2017 Australian Grain Exporter Teams with AgriDigital on Agriculture Blockchain – will develop and pilot system this month, to use one system to tie title transfer and payment across the supply chain
08/08/2017 India’s Inter-Disciplinary Committee Submits Bitcoin Report to [Finance Minister] Jaitley – report is not public
08/07/2017 China to Use the Blockchain to Send Invoices and Collect Taxes – announced they hired a Chinese software firm to research and develop a blockchain system for managing their public finance and tax system
08/03/2017 Farmers Cooperative Uses Blockchain to Trace Meat Through Supply Chain – UK tech company has announced they’re working on a system to track and verify the processing history of meat
08/03/2017 Indian Finance Ministry Panel Suggests Discouraging People from Using Bitcoin – one official said bitcoin is “fraught with dangers” right after the central bank banned high denomination notes
08/03/2017 Hong Kong Company Launches Blockchain TEU Token to Revolutionize the Shipping Industry – new blockchain designed to reduce no-shows and overbooking in shipping industry
07/31/2017 SEC’s DAO Ruling Brings More Oversight to ICOs, Industry Observers Agree – Anyone offering to trade cryptocoins on regulated markets must register them as securities, but traders of coins with functional non monetary value do not; there is now less gray area.
07/28/2017 BitClave Aims to Tackle Privacy in Advertising with the Blockchain; Launches ICO – new blockchain platform designed to allow marketers to advertise to users without a third party
07/27/2017 Bitcoin Prices Propped up by South Korea Regulation – New South Korean regulatory guidance sets clear rules for bitcoin exchanges
07/26/2017 Chinese Blockchain Association Issues Protocol to Regulate ICOs – A consortium of private organizations, representing industry, finance, call the document a “consensus” on how to capitalize on ICOs while following Chinese law and protecting their interests
07/25/2017 Aircraft Asset Management: An Untapped Market for Blockchain Technology – IT Director describes how a blockchain for aviation could enable reliable records
07/24/2017 Dubai Set to Achieve Goal of Becoming First Blockchain Government by 2020 – Dubai information officer reiterates plan to work with industry partners to develop blockchain systems capable of representing and executing all government transactions
07/20/2017 India’s Primary IT Trade Body Establishes Blockchain Special Interest Group – New division within NASSCOM, a major IT trade association In India
07/17/2017 Decentralized Payment Platform Monetha Uses Ethereum Smart Contracts to Disrupt Global Commerce – New blockchain system to link merchant and customer reviews with verified payment
07/16/2017 LegalTech Firm Introduces Native Token, Launches Sale – New blockchain system for smart contracts featuring its own tradable currency, contract building interface, knowledge base, and execution system
07/13/2017 Bitcoin-Friendly Swiss City Announces Ethereum Digital ID Pilot – Citizens can register for the program and eventually submit notarized signatures, pay fines and vote in elections
07/13/2017 Russia is ‘Considering’ Blockchain Tech for Real Estate – via report from Russian Ministry of Communication
07/12/2017 Hyperledger Releases Open-Source Production Ready Blockchain Software, Fabric 1.0 – an open source platform for making blockchain systems
07/11/2017 Australian Megabanks ANZ, Westpac Complete Blockchain Bank Guarantees Trial with IBM – the system will focus on digitizing bank guarantees for commercial property; a slow and expensive process today
07/10/2017 Rivetz Introduces Decentralized Cybersecurity Token to Secure Devices – empowers blockchain applications that are hacker resistant in a new way
07/10/2017 The Ethereum Blockchain Is Superior to Bitcoin, Says Private Banker – Says flexibility empowers more applications, making it more likely to succeed
07/10/2017 Mizuho Completes Australia-Japan Trade on a Blockchain – the exact system they used was not specified
07/09/2017 The Healthcare Industry Turns to Blockchain Tech for Security – Partnership between IBM Watson team and FDA
07/08/2017 This Blockchain Platform Gives Artists Control of Their Content Distribution – a decentralized itunes named DECENT, after much planning, has launched, featuring incentives for people to serve content and a way to identify copied media